Wednesday, July 11, 2012

>Tockus monteiri (Monteiro's Hornbill)

Monteiro's Hornbill

Tockus monteiri
adult male
Monteiro's Hornbill
Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Species:T. monteiri
Binomial name
Tockus monteiri
Hartlaub, 1865

Distribution of Monteiro's Hornbill

The Monteiro's HornbillTockus monteiri, is an African Hornbill. It is a medium sized bird, with a length between 54 to 58 cm, characterized by a white belly, black back, with white spots on the wings and secondary flight feathers coloured white. The outer feathers of the long tail are also white.
Females are smaller than males and can be recognized by turquoise facial skin. The eyes are black and the beak is red. Unlike other members of the family, which are omnivorous, the Monteiro's hornbill feeds exclusively on insects and other small arthropods. Its habitat is the savannah and dry thorn fields of NW Namibia.
In springtime, Monteiro's hornbills migrate to the southern Windhoek region for nesting. Due to the arid environment, drinking is not a vital necessity for this species. They breed in the end of good rainy season, laying 3 to 5 white-greyish eggs, hatched after about 45 days. The nest is built in rocky faces or trees. The Monteiro's hornbill is a common endemic species of Namibia, with total population estimated on 340,000 individuals.

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